Austria

European Research Network on Philanthropy

wu vienna

WU – Vienna University of Economics and Business
Websites: Institute for Nonproft Management Center for Nonprofit Organizations and Social Entrepreneurship
 

 Michaela Neumayr
Institute for Nonproft Management
WU – Vienna University of Economics and Business
Welthandelsplatz 1 1020 Wien (Austria)
phone:  +43 1 31336 5111
email: michaela.neumayr@ wu.ac.at  

Michael Meyer
Institute for Nonproft Management
WU – Vienna University of Economics and Business
Welthandelsplatz 1 1020 Wien (Austria)
phone:  +43 1 31336 5366
email: michael.meyer@ wu.ac.at

Reinhard Millner
Center for Nonprofit Organizations and Social Entrepreneurship
WU – Vienna University of Economics and Business
Welthandelsplatz 1 1020 Wien (Austria)
email: reinhard.millner@ wu.ac.at

Hanna Schneider
Institute for Nonproft Management
WU – Vienna University of Economics and Business
Welthandelsplatz 1 1020 Wien (Austria)
email: hanna.schneider@ wu.ac.at 

Individual members
 
Katharina Anna Kaltenbrunner
Paris Lodron University Salzburg
Kapitelgasse 5-7, 5020 Salzburg, Austria
email: Katharina.kaltenbrunner@ sbg.ac.at

Current projects on philanthropy in Austria

Research on philanthropy in Austria is conducted by the Austrian Research Foundation for International Development and the Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Nonprofit Organisations (NPO-Institute) at the Vienna University of Economics and Business.
The Austrian Research Foundation for International Development has conducted commercial population surveys on giving in 1996, 2000, 2004, and 2008. From these surveys descriptive data on private giving in Austria is available. However, as the Research Foundation is more a lobbying institution focusing on issues such as for example giving and transparency, it does not provide scientific research on this topic.
Since the year 2000 the NPO-Institute has been occasionally involved in the conduction of the surveys of the Research Foundation, providing an academic foundation and input. In 2008 the NPO-Institute and the Research Foundation have started a more close cooperation in order to establish a central institution for academic research on philanthropy in Austria. Since then the NPO-Institute has been continuously working on private giving issues.

Current state of Giving Research in Austria

There is no central institution that investigates charitable giving in Austria. Some sources provide data on private donations:
ÖIS – Spendenbericht

The Österreichisches Institut für Spendenwesen ÖIS (Austrian Institute of Fundraising) records Austrian charities that call for donations publicly and regularly. As per September 2008, the ÖIS counts more than 1,100 charities. In cooperation with other institutions (polling institute market research; polling institute Public Opinion; Institute of Social Policy, Vienna University of Economics and Business; Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Nonprofit Organisations), the ÖIS conducts representative population surveys on charitable giving on a regular basis. These surveys were conducted in 1996, 2000, 2004, and 2008 and based on face-to-face interviews, covering about 1,000 individuals. Since 2006, the ÖIS has published an annual report (“ÖISSpendenbericht”), which provides information on developments and perspectives on private giving in Austria.

Commercial poll data from market research: Spendenmonitor

The Austrian polling institute market research annually investigates private household giving. The poll covers questions on personal amounts of donations, sympathy for organisations, as well as common questions like motives and objectives. As a commercial product, the poll’s results are available for a fee. Revenues of Nonprofit Organisations from Donations In 2006, Statistics Austria and the Institute for Social Policy (Vienna University of Economics and Business) conducted a representative survey on Nonprofit Organisations in Austria, revealing that about 8,5% of the total revenues of NPOs originate from private or corporate donations (Schneider & Haider 2009).

Descriptive Statistics
Referring to the Spendenstudie 2008 (Neumayr & Schober 2009), the estimated total income on donations was about 295 million euros in 2008. The average amount donated per donor was about 65,3 euros per year, which amounts to 42,0 euros per adult. About 66% of the Austrian population donates, with ‘children’, ‘national disaster relief’ and ‘animals’ being the most popular areas people donate for. Further information on the amount donated using different methods and on motives to donate or not to donate can be found in the Spendenstudie 2008.

Source: Wiepking, P. (Ed.) The State of Giving Research in Europe. Household donations to Charitable Organizations in Twelve Countries. Pallas Publications: Amsterdam, the Netherlands. order here.

For more information, please contact: 

Neumayr, Michaela, Handy, Femida. Forthcoming. Charitable Giving: What influences donors¿ choice among different causes? Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations ,

Pennerstorfer, Astrid, Neumayr, Michaela. 2017. Examining the association of welfare state expenditure, non-profit regimes and charitable giving. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations 28 (2), 532-555.

Schober, Christian and Pervan, Ena and Pervan-Al Soqauer, Ina and Greiner, Stefanie and Hoff, Marielisa. 2016. Evaluierung der ausgeweiteten steuerlichen Spendenabsetzbarkeit in Österreich. Wien: NPO & SE Kompetenzzentrum.

Neumayr, Michaela. 2015. Giving in Austria: A corporatist relationship between the nonprofit sector and the state. In: The Palgrave Research Companion to Global Philanthropy, Hrsg. Pamala, Wiepking, Femida, Handy, 100-117. Basingstoke and New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Schneider, Hanna, Millner, Reinhard, Meyer, Michael. 2014. European Foundations for Research and Innovation (EUFORI Study) – National Report Austria. Wien: WU Wien.

Millner, Reinhard, Schneider, Hanna, Meyer, Michael. 2014. Forschungsförderung durch Stiftungen in Österreich. Stiftungsaktivitäten, Anreize und Strukturen im internationalen Vergleich. Wien: WU Wien.

Neumayr, Michaela, Schober, Christian, Schneider, Hanna. 2013. Spenden und Stiftungszuwendungen. In: Handbuch der Nonprofti-Organisation. Strukturen und Management, Hrsg. Ruth Simsa, Michael Meyer, Christoph Badelt, 471-490. Stuttgart: Schäffer Poeschel.

Neumayr, Michaela, Schober, Christian. 2012. Giving in Austria. Einflussfaktoren auf das Spendeverhalten der österreichischen Bevölkerung. Projektbericht. Wien: WU Wien

Schneider, Hanna, Millner, Reinhard, Meyer, Michael. 2011. Mapping Foundations in Austria. Wien: Abteilung für Nonprofit Management.

Schneider, Hanna, Millner, Reinhard, Meyer, Michael. 2010. Die Rolle der Gemeinnützigkeit in Österreichischen Stiftungen.