The total amount of philanthropic contributions in Europe is estimated at EUR 87.5 billion annually (2013). This is a lower bound estimate from 20 European countries that contributed to Giving in Europe, the first study measuring philanthropy in Europe.
Giving in Europe sheds light on authentic European philanthropic performance and serves as a tool to measure the prosocial surplus in European societies. It is an initial attempt to map philanthropy in Europe and presents a first overall estimation of the total philanthropic giving by households, bequests, foundations, corporations and charity lotteries. For each source of philanthropy (households, foundations, corporations and charity lotteries) it describes available data sources, including an assessment of the quality of each data source. Quality of data varies enormously and no country in Europe has a complete picture of the size and scope of its philanthropy sector.
However, based on available data the study shows that households (including bequests) are the main source of philanthropic contributions (53%, EUR 46 billion), followed by corporations (25%, EUR 21.7 billion), foundations (19%, EUR 16 billion) and lotteries (3%, EUR 3 billion).
Giving in Europe contributes to reframing philanhropy in the mindset of many policymakers and politicians in Europe. Despite the promising signs of an emerging philanthropy sector in Europe, it is still a phenomenon and a sector that is not very well understood. Besides the anecdotal glimpses from national researchers and the work that has been carried out on the subdomains of philanthropy, we know little about its actual scope, size and forms in Europe. For a better discussion and assessment of the (potential) role that philanthropy can play in solving societal problems, a clear picture of the size and scope of philanthropy is needed.
Giving in Europe further aims to stimulate researchers, policy makers and philanthropy professionals in fostering research on philanthropy and to inspire to exchange knowledge and information.
This pioneering study has been carried out by the European Research Network on Philanthropy (ERNOP), an association that was founded in January 2008 by collaborating philanthropy researchers in Europe. ERNOP’s mission is to advance, coordinate and promote philanthropy research in Europe.
The full publication is available for (associated) ERNOP members and institutional supporters. Become an (associated) member today and/or support ERNOP in it’s mission to advance, coordinate and promote philanthropy research in Europe.
Giving in Europe. The State of Research on Giving in 20 European Countries. Barry Hoolwerf & Theo Schuyt (eds.). Lenthe Publishers. Amsterdam, 2017. ISBN 9789075458862