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This issue includes research notes on increasing donation amounts, fundraising techniques, the impact of foundations, impact investing, diaspora, gender effects and tax incentives. The ERNOP Research Notes for Philanthropy Practitioners are easy-to-read, nicely edited and visualised two-page summaries of academic articles from ERNOP members focusing on implications for practice

Successful fundraising for unpopular causes
Authors: Alison Body – University of Kent | Beth Breeze – University of Kent
Provided by: Matthew Ross from the Royal Academy of Music

This article asks why some charitable causes are seen as unpopular and identifies five practices that enable apparently unpopular charities to raise significant funds. How do donors choose between charities? Why are certain causes unpopular? How do some charities in unpopular cause areas fundraise successfully, and what can other charities learn from their example?

#Motivation #Fundraising #Charities #Philanthropy

Organisational factors as recipes for success in gaining higher donations
Authors: Gina Rossi – University of Udine| Chiara Leardini – University of Verona| Stefano Landi – University of Verona| Luca Piubello Orsini – University of Verona
Provided by: Sam Thomas from Verdantly Consulting

This article investigates whether certain combinations of factors from the economic model of giving can influence the capacity of a non-profit to obtain donations. Does the presence or absence of organisational factors have a positive, negative or neutral influence on donation levels?

#Donations #Foundations #Giving #NonProfit

Barriers to social impact assessment and foundations
Authors: Elisa Ricciuti – Bocconi University | Francesca Calò – Glasgow Caledonian University
Provided by: Filippo Candela from Compagnia di San Paolo Foundation

Foundations are key players in the philanthropic sector in Italy. However, it is unclear how they are engaged in Social Impact Assessment (SIA) in terms of motivations, methods and approach. The authors explore foundations’ understanding of impact, their methods in undertaking the process and the barriers they face.

#Impact #Foundations #Evaluation #Italy #Philanthropy

Who has a seat at the table in impact investing?
Authors: Guillermo Casasnovas – Esade Business School | Jessica Jones – University of Tennessee
Provided by: Nathalie Sauvanet from BNP Paribas Wealth Management

This article describes the current design and limits of the impact investing field and highlights the main changes needed to deliver the positive impact it aims to achieve. The authors advocate three entwined evolutions: incorporating vulnerable communities, having a systemic-change approach and addressing structural inequalities.

#ImpactInvesting #Inequality #Change #Sustainable #Finance

Diaspora volunteering in a cross-border and local context
Author: Malika Ouacha – Erasmus University
Provided by: Lizzy Steinhart from LCM Family

This study contributes to the literature on cross-border diasporic philanthropy in cross-national context of countries with no colonial past, but with a diaspora present in both societies. The perspectives are presented in three groups: the Amazigh diaspora living in the Netherlands, the Amazigh diaspora living in Morocco and the recipient social groups of the prior two communities.

#CrossBorderGiving #Diaspora #Philanthropists #Religion #Volunteering

Does gender affect donation behavior across countries?
Authors: Pamala Wiepking – Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam | Christopher Einolf – Northern Illinois University | Yongzheng Yang – Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis
Provided by: by Elizabeth Lamberti from the International Rescue Committee

This article explores whether gender impacts donation behavior and volunteering across different countries. The findings are relevant to those who work with donors and volunteers in an international context. This study uses prior research data to analyze prosocial behavior in men and women across nineteen different geographies and cultures.

#Prosocial #Philanthropy #Giving #Gender #International

Does socio-economic inequality affects individuals’ civic engagement?
Authors: Joris Schröder – Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam | Michaela Neumayr – Vienna University of Economics and Business
Provided by: Cornelia Walther from the University of Pennsylvania and POZE Global Network

Higher inequality is often negatively related to civic engagement and individual factors moderate this relation. This study is relevant for people working in philanthropy because empirical results vary considerably, and explanations about what underlies this relationship remain fragmented. How does inequality affect individuals’ civic engagement in charitable giving, volunteering and non-profit membership?

#Inequality #CivilSociety #NonProfit #Engagement #ProSocial

Effects of tax incentives on donations in the canton of Geneva
Authors: Giedre Lideikyte Huber – University of Geneva | Marta Pittavino – University of Geneva
Provided by: Maryte Somare

This article focuses on identifying different profiles of donors and attempts to discern whether the ceiling of tax deductions available in the Canton of Geneva may have influenced the amounts donated.

#Donations #Taxation #Incentives #Generosity

Is giving a civil act for personal reasons or for social standing?
Author: Johan Vamstad – Marie Cederschiöld University
Provided by: Heather Little

This article seeks to understand the reasons why people give to charities. It explores the social and individual reasons for giving using social origins theory to analyse the results.  This study focuses on whether giving is an act of individual civility (altruistic/personal reasons or making the donor feel as though they are doing good) or societal civicness (conforming to societal norms or affirming the bond between the donor and society more broadly). 

#Charity #Philanthropy #Giving #WelfareState #SocialOrigins

About the ERNOP Research Notes
Most academic research on philanthropy is underutilised, while on the other hand, there is a need for practitioners to learn from academics. Given limited resources within the academic and philanthropy community, academic insights should be used as much as possible. However, practitioners rarely have time and access to the work published in academic journals. Besides, not all content of academic papers is relevant for practitioners. At the same time, academics often do not have time and/or skills to make their work accessible for practitioners and, what’s more, they get little rewards for doing so as the number of individual publications is often too limited to build a constituency. Therefore the European Research Network On Philanthropy (ERNOP) –  the academic network of philanthropy researchers in Europe – develops the ERNOP Research Notes. The Research Notes are an initiative by ERNOP and endorsed by the European Fundraising Association (EFA), Philanthropy Europe Association (Philea), the Centre for European Volunteering (CEV) and the European Venture Philanthropy Association  (EVPA).

More information about the Research Notes can be found here.